Wesleyan University was founded in 1831 as a liberal arts college and this project includes an adaptive reuse of two of its earliest buildings. Today Wesleyan’s 360-acre campus with more than 340 buildings in Southern New England along the Connecticut River serves approximately 3000 students and 300 faculty. This project created a performing arts center in the middle of Wesleyan’s campus. The challenge was to site a new building that would provide an accessible path through the site, into the buildings, with principal entrances from both the historic front and the rear and the modern main campus walk while maintaining the integrity of the historic resources.
The complex consists of Memorial Chapel, now a 620-seat space for choral music, organ, and orchestral ensemble, lecture and worship; Patricelli ’92 Theater (formerly Rich Hall), a black box theater for 150. The new Zelnick Pavilion provides a lobby for both buildings as well as audience services and building systems and makes Memorial Chapel and Patricelli ’92 Theater accessible. The project included a complete exterior restoration of both historic buildings, Wesleyan’s first two buildings on College Row, including historic slate roof, brownstone restoration, historic window and door replacements, and stained glass conservation.
The first phase of the work at Wesleyan University, begun in 1998, was a study of the Wesleyan University Center of Campus. Here Robert Olson + Associates focused upon opportunities to rejuvenate Wesleyan’s historic core campus to provide new centers for community and student life. They provided the University an assessment of its historic building and landscape resources, a program of potential uses for the Center of Campus developed from in-depth consultation with the University community, a strategy for adapting the historic buildings to these new uses and a conceptual design solution. The solution was in two parts: the development of a student center at the northern end of the core campus and the restoration and renovation of the Memorial Chapel and the ’92 Theater.
Robert Olson + Associates reconfigured Memorial Chapel to provide a remarkably flexible set of uses. The new space provides space for worship by different faiths, a center for musical performance, and a setting for University-wide assemblies, teaching, films and distinguished lectures. The architects revived the Chapel’s origins as a meetinghouse by reclaiming an upper gallery level for seating, incorporated a new organ into the architecture, and created a worship platform which is fully integrated into the congregation and is universally designed.
They reshaped Memorial Chapel to increase the seating by nearly 200 seats and to provide a more supportive and functional performance space. In addition, to create adequate performers’ warm-up and support space, they lowered and reconfigured the basement floor. Finally, they worked closely with the University organist on the design of a new organ, which is fitted to the new space, and which is used both for teaching and recital.
They rebuilt the ’92 Theater as a state of the art black box theater principally for dance and theater but also as a teaching space. They designed it to provide an accessible performance space and to preserve and provide access to the surviving historic resources of the building interior. A student-run theater with weekly shows, the space offers fully accessible performance space and performers’ support spaces.
The black box is equipped with a complete theatrical lighting system for performance, as well as house and work lights over the flat floor and complete motorized daylight control to permit complete flexibility for performance. The house lighting includes lighting systems which reveal and use the historic wood ceiling as a lighting source before and after the performances. When the room is used for teaching, the daylight control blinds are opened to admit daylight.
The new Zelnick Pavilion provides environment controls and audience space while increasing the capacity of the hall and minimizing effects of mechanical noise on room acoustics. The addition provides a lobby, inclusive access and egress for both buildings above grade and a home for building systems below grade.
The total cost of the project was $23 million and it was completed in 2006.
There was extensive and diverse participation in both programming and building design. Both were conducted in collaboration with a Building Committee that included members from both the faculty and administration, with the Board of Trustees and its Facilities Committee, and with building users including campus ministries, student theater, theater department and the University Organist.
The design solution was to link the historic buildings with a new transparent building to provide a lobby, audience services, an accessible entrance, elevator and ramps to provide access, as well as building systems—electrical, plumbing, HVAC and fire protection—for both historic buildings. Both buildings were redesigned and equipped to provide fully accessible interiors and substantial improvements to both lighting and acoustics.
A primary objective of the project was to provide seamless physical access to two historic buildings that had never been accessible. The project met and exceeded that objective by enhancing the experience of all users through sensitive choices of layout, lighting and acoustics. The work was designed in conformance with the Connecticut State Accessibility Requirements and the US Americans with Disabilities Act.
The objective of the project was to provide a space that would work for anyone across a very wide set of flexible functions. The design team revitalized the historic core campus as a lively hub for dramatic and musical performances, worship, and university lectures. Robert Olson + Associates also improved the capacity and functional performance of the University’s Civil War memorial chapel for its new mix of uses. Both original historic buildings had deteriorated and required complete restoration of their exterior envelopes as a condition for their reuse. Neither building had adequate access or egress, effective life safety, audience accommodations, heating or ventilating systems, or electrical systems. Both are strikingly restored to meet a new generation of diverse University users and needs.
- Flexibility of use throughout the entire renovation
- Universally designed worship platform
- Seamless path of travel from the new Zelnick Pavilion to both historic buildings
- Flexible lighting that can adapt to a wide array of functions
- Good acoustical condition including isolation of HVAC noise
- Though not part of this project, Wesleyan University has a notable campus map on its website which allows a valuable ‘know-before-you-go’ opportunity for anyone with a mobility limitation:http://www.wesleyan.edu/about/accessibility/map.html
- Adaptive reuse of existing historic buildings
- The glass pavilion is sited between existing north and south buildings, and designed with roof overhangs to minimize heat gain and to preserve transparency by eliminating the need for shading.
AIA New England Merit Award for Design Excellence 2007
Client & Client Executive
Mr. Peter Patton, Dean for Administration
237 High Street
Middletown, CT 06459
Architecture & Landscape
Foley Buhl Roberts & Associates, Inc.
2150 Washington Street
Newton, Massachusetts 02462
Fire Protection and Plumbing Engineer and Code Consultant
Robert W. Sullivan, Inc.
529 Main Street, Suite 203
The Schrafft Center
Charlestown, Massachusetts 02129-3737
Heating, Ventilating and Air-conditioning Engineer
Building Services Division
400 Pleasant Street
Watertown, Massachusetts 02472
Thompson Engineering Company, Inc.
10 City Square
Charlestown, Massachusetts 02129
The Dimeo Companies
75 Chapman Street
Providence, RI 02905
Building Enclosure Consultant
Gordon H. Smith Corporation
200 Madison Avenue
New York, NY 10016-3901
Historic Preservation Consultant
Preservation Technology Associates, Inc.
285 Reservoir Road
Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts 02467
Kirkegaard & Associates
801 West Adams Street, Eighth Floor
Chicago, Illinois 60607
Theater Lighting Consultant
Jules Fisher / Joshua Dachs Associates, Inc.
22 West 19th Street
New York, NY 10011
North American Theatrix Ltd.
205 Interstate Lane
Waterbury, Connecticut 06705
Wesleyan University Performing Arts Center Patricelli ’91 Theater, and Zelnick Pavilion